LOZOL FOR SALE, Today, the Department of Interior’s Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) released its long-awaited analysis on the environmental impact of seismic research on the Atlantic Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) for offshore energy development.

Seismic research is a process that involves using high-powered compressed air guns to produce loud, periodic sound blasts underwater. After the sound waves penetrate the seafloor and bounce back, they are captured by long arrays of sensors towed behind seismic vessels, buy cheap LOZOL no rx. The resulting data is used to produce detailed, three-dimensional maps that reveal underground geological features and potential reservoirs. Where can i buy LOZOL online, When it comes to seismic research on the Atlantic OCS, the stakes are high for both the oil and gas industry and environmentalists. Interior’s Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) fully satisfies neither. Ultimately, that’s probably a good thing, striking a balance between the two interests, LOZOL FOR SALE.

Drilling opponents are concerned because they know seismic shooting is the “camel’s nose under the tent” when it comes to offshore drilling, LOZOL photos. But more immediately, environmentalists point to sensitive and endangered marine life inhabiting the region, Purchase LOZOL online, and concerns that seismic research will cause some damage to the ecosystem. Seismic shooting, performed irresponsibly, can disrupt migratory, after LOZOL, mating, and feeding habits of species such as dolphins and whales, LOZOL description, especially those that rely on sonar and echolocation for survival. A report by the conservation group Oceana highlights that the research could harm 140,000 whales and dolphins, including the critically endangered North Atlantic right whale, order LOZOL no prescription, only 500 of which still exist. LOZOL FOR SALE, The report also points out that seismic shooting is likely to disrupt commercial fisheries in addition to marine mammals.

BOEM’s proposal includes a number of measures designed to mitigate the impact on sensitive species, LOZOL from mexico, some of which are stricter than the original proposal in the Draft Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement. According to the Houston Chronicle, these mitigations include.

  • Closing access to the migratory routes of the endangered North Atlantic right whale.

  • Prohibiting multiple seismic surveys from being conducted simultaneously.

  • Urging use of passive acoustic monitoring systems and human observers to identify marine mammals that are in the area during air gun surveys.

In response to these mitigations, LOZOL use, API, the National Ocean Industries Association and the International Association of Geophysical Contractors warned BOEM in 2012 that including the aforementioned expanded exclusion zones could "impose potentially high costs, Effects of LOZOL, greatly impede or altogether preclude the conduct of seismic surveys and geo-hazard and cultural resource identification." They also argue that seismic research will ultimately benefit the natural environment. In the past, industry explored for undersea oil with a drill bit. Seismic surveys reveal where to drill to extract greater resources, and can potentially limit the footprint of drilling activity, LOZOL FOR SALE.

However, LOZOL alternatives, what’s more likely to “impede or altogether preclude” seismic research has less to do with environmental protections and more to do with the fact that, as of right now, Buy LOZOL online cod, there are no lease sales currently scheduled for the Atlantic OCS. Industry has used the term “empty gesture” regarding the PEIS since unclear timelines, delays, and other disruptions have continually halted progress in this area, buy LOZOL from canada. Looking at the recent history of Atlantic OCS development, there is some grounds for this frustration. Where can i find LOZOL online, Access to the Atlantic OCS is not restricted by law, but rather is contingent upon lease sales being included in one of Interior’s Five Year Plans, the scheduling mechanism by which the agency establishes offshore oil and gas development. According to API LOZOL FOR SALE, , seismic research was last conducted in the Atlantic OCS more than 30 years ago. Technology and methods have improved in the years since, LOZOL cost. The Department of Interior estimates that the entire Atlantic OCS holds approximately 3.3 billion barrels of oil and 31 trillion cubic feet of natural gas. A Wood Mackenzie study projected that production off the coast of Virginia would reach 142, LOZOL without prescription, 000 mbd by 2030 while production from the coast of North Carolina would reach 382,000 mbd.

The majority of recent commercial interest has centered on the mid-Atlantic planning area off the coast of Virginia.  In total, DOI estimates mid-Atlantic resources to be 1.4 billion barrels of oil and nearly 20 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, order LOZOL from mexican pharmacy.

It is likely that industry feels as though the resources in the mid-Atlantic planning area have been a bit of a bait and switch, LOZOL FOR SALE. This area was scheduled to be made available in Lease Sale 220, which was included in the Bush administration’s 2007-2012 Five Year Plan and slated to occur in 2011 within the OCS administrative boundaries of the state of Virginia. Where can i order LOZOL without prescription, Lease Sale 220 received generally positive support from the Governor of Virginia and Virginia’s congressional delegation. Concerns were raised by the Department of Defense, particularly the Navy, but the military indicated that it would be willing to engage in a process to find a workable solution for industrial activity in the high-traffic region off the coast of Virginia, purchase LOZOL for sale.

In its early months, the Obama administration initially indicated some potential support for the Mid-Atlantic sale. LOZOL FOR SALE, After a series of setbacks, most notably the Deepwater Horizon spill, Lease Sale 220 off the coast of Virginia was cancelled in May of 2010. Comprar en línea LOZOL, comprar LOZOL baratos, Interior announced in December 2010 that it was scaling back the OCS regions being considered for future leasing, withdrawing the Mid- and South-Atlantic Planning Areas.  When the final 2012-2017 Five Year Plan was announced in 2012, it did not include Atlantic sales.

Now the problem is one of dysfunctional timelines, LOZOL images. As we explained in a blog post from November of last year, there is a clear disconnect between industry and government on this issue. LOZOL maximum dosage, The Interior Department wishes to review geophysical research (namely, seismic surveys) to get a sense of the region’s oil and gas resources before making decisions about lease sales or schedules.  However, it is unlikely that surveys can be completed before the Department begins narrowing which regions will be included for the upcoming five year plan (from 2017-2022). This process has been described as an inverted triangle, with a large number of regions considered in the beginning and slowly narrowed over time, LOZOL FOR SALE. When BOEM removed drilling leases from the current five-year plan, LOZOL images, it left the door open for seismic surveys.  Comprehensive surveys cost more than $100 million and oil producers would be hesitant to purchase the research without any actual lease sales.

Even with today’s release of the final EIS, LOZOL natural, it will likely be a number of years before seismic research can begin due to litigation and individual permit reviews. Industry is concerned that by the time geologic research has been completed on the current timeline, government will have already eliminated the Atlantic OCS from the 2017-2022 plan, ultimately pushing any Atlantic OCS drilling activities to the 2022-2027 plan, LOZOL results. That said, back in November, Buy cheap LOZOL, Tommy Beaudreau of BOEM indicated that Interior is open to including the Atlantic OCS in the coming five-year plan even before seismic surveys have been completed. LOZOL FOR SALE, Looking at the obstacles industry has faced in accessing the Atlantic OCS, it begs the question: why is this resource still worth fighting for. After all, seismic research will be closely regulated and expensive, and it might not even be clear if lease sales are available until 2022, LOZOL canada, mexico, india. But there’s a reason the Atlantic OCS still holds such interest for the industry.

Recent Atlantic Ocean deepwater oil fields have been among the largest oil discoveries in the Western Hemisphere in decades. Order LOZOL no prescription, In 2007, Brazil’s Petrobras discovered the Tupi field, which contains  up to 100 billion barrels of oil equivalent, the largest Western Hemisphere find since the 1980s, low dose LOZOL. This has two important implications, LOZOL FOR SALE.

First, the Tupi field is not only in deep water, LOZOL gel, ointment, cream, pill, spray, continuous-release, extended-release, but deep underground—so deep that access requires drilling through a salt later that is 2,000 meters (or well over a mile) thick. The oilfield services industry once saw salt layers as an enemy, since greater skill and more advanced technology is required for penetration. However, knowledge gained from the Tupi field has helped salt-drilling technology move forward, and the industry has gained expertise in extracting subsalt resources. This article from Schlumberger has more details. LOZOL FOR SALE, Second, large subsalt oil finds are not exclusive to Brazil, having also been found off the coast of West Africa. Geologists speculate that the salt layer that covers all these massive oil fields formed under the supercontinent Gondwana, which existed during the Triassic period. Similar subsalt oil is known to exist in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico, and there is speculation that the formations could extend northward into the mid-Atlantic basin. Without seismic research, there’s no way to know.

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